Also known as 'Winter Savory' is a wild species growing in tuffs as many other labiate is a small plant and grows spontaneously around the Mediterranean basin.
Savory has been used as a culinary herb since Antiquity in the Mediterranean countries. The two oils (Summer Savory & Winter Savory) are quite similar though not identical in odor and flavor. Summer Savory being the harsher of the two.
The oil is a pale yellow or almost colorless liquid of fresh medicinal-spicy odor, reminiscent of sage and thyme, but with a sharpness recalling that of cumin oil, although not distinctly green.
The dryout is rather phenolic-harsh.
A typical chemical composition:
Carvacrol (60 -75 %), thymol 1.0 -5.0%), p-cymene (10-20%), y-terpineol (2.0 -10%), 1,8 cineole (3.8%)
anti bacterial, anti infectious, and anti fungal, warming (stimulating circulation). The oil acts on hypothermic and hypertension. Immunostimulant.
Maybe an excellent additive in treatments of any kind of infectious and fungal skin diseases. The oil serves well in low concentration (1%) in massage oils to warm muscles and is beneficial for arthritis and rheumatism.
Safety: Generally regarded as safe (GRAS) but irritant and hepatotoxic in long term use. This oil should NOT be used on children. The oil is NEVER to be used pure, and always to be diluted well. A very potent oil. Avoid long term uses. Do NOT use for inhalations (mucus irritant). Not to be used during pregnancy.
S. Arctander - Perfume & Flavor Materials of Natural Origins
Dr. Brian M. Lawrence - Essential Oils 1976-1978
Salvatore Battaglia - The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy