A yellow or saffron coloring material prepared from the roots of the East Indian perennial herb, Curcuma longa, and used in dyeing and as a coloring material for certain marbles. The plant, Curcuma longa, is related to the ginger plant which it also resembles.
The finely powdered rhizome is also used directly as a spice which is known under the name of Turmeric. This ingredient is responsible for the intensely yellow color of the world famous 'Indian Curry Powder'.
The oil is a yellow to dark orange-yellow liquid. The odor is usually spicy and fresh reminiscent of sweet orange, ginger and galanga.
Used in certain types of perfumes where it introduces warm-woody, dry-powdery tonalities in Oriental bases and fantasy fragrances, etc.
Blends well with:
Cananga, cistus, ginger, labdanum, orris 'resin', etc., and with heliotropine, ionones, etc.
TURMERIC AS ANTIOXIDANT
In the bright yellow pigment of Turmeric are curcuminoids which are antioxidants with the property of scavenging the free radical nitric oxide. The action of Turmeric, it is suggested is not only in blocking nitric oxide directly but also the enzyme that produces it. Curcuminoids also appear to have a role in attacking invading micro-organisms.
Raq, S. 1997
Nitric oxide scavenging by curcuminoids.
J. OF PHARMACEUTICAL
A spice with anti-inflammatory effects. The active ingredient is curcumin, which has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Turmeric is a common ingredient in curry powder.
Use in Traditional Chinese Medicine:
Also Known As:
Curcuma, Curcumae longae rhizoma, Curcumin, Indian Saffron, Tumeric, Turmeric Root. Curcuma longa, synonyms Curcuma domestica, Curcuma aromatica.
-invigorate blood, unblock menses – chest and abdominal pain, amenoorrhea, dysmenorrhea with cold deficiency, swelling pain
-expel wind, promote movement of blood – painful obstruction
Also Used For:
Turmeric is used for dyspepsia, hemorrhage, jaundice, hepatitis, flatulence, abdominal bloating, feelings of fullness after meals, loss of appetite, liver and gallbladder complaints, headaches, abdominal pains, chest infections, fever, diarrhea, amenorrhea, "blood rushes", and colorectal cancer.
Turmeric is used for analgesia, ringworm, bruising, leech bites, festering eye infections, inflammatory skin conditions, inflammation of the oral mucosa, and infected wounds.
In folk medicine,
Turmeric is used for diarrhea, intermittent fever, edema, bronchitis, colds, worms, leprosy, kidney inflammation, cystitis, and as an anticancer treatment.
In food and manufacturing,
the essential oil is used in perfumes, and turmeric and its resin are used as a flavor and color component in foods. Turmeric is also a culinary spice and a major ingredient in curry powder.
S. Arctander - Perfume & Flavor Materials of Natural Origin