Norway Spruce: Botanical Name: Picea abies, L. :: Common spruce, European Spruce,
Hemlock Spruce: Botanical Name: Tsuga canadensis L. :: Eastern hemlock, hemlock,
Black Spruce: Botanical Name: Picea mariana (Mill.) Britton :: Canadian black pine
White Spruce: Botanical Name: Picea glauca (Moench) Voss :: Canadian Spruce
tricyclene (1.3%), a-pinene (12.1%), camphene (13.4%), B-pinene (16.0%), limonene (12.0%)
B-phellandrene (4.9%), p-cymene (0.1%), terpinolene (3.7%), p-cymenene (0.2%), bornyl acetate (37.6%),
terpinen-4-ol (0.1%), B-caryophyllene (0.9%), citronellyl acetate (0.1%), a-terpineol (0.6%), borneol (0.1%),
a-terpinyl acetate (0.1%), pipertone (0.6%), geranyl acetate (0.2%).
Odor and Appearances:
Think of 'Christmas trees' or a walk in a pine forest. That is the scent of this lovely oil.
Since we moved here to Maine, in the Summer in late afternoon, the pine trees release their scent.
It is amazing to me and so very peaceful .. a gift from the pine trees.!
A balsamic - fresh odor.
The oil is a clear, to pale yellow,mobile liquid.
Spruce : Tsuga canadensis
Antimicrobial, antiseptic, astringent, expectorant, nervine, tonic.
* Recommended for relief of muscular aches and pains.
* poor circulation
* recommended for mental fatigue and burnout.
Especially at holiday time the 'scent' of the spruce tree is calming.
* Recommended for
- colds & flu
- respiratory weakness
When we first moved up to Maine, my breathing was so improved as we are surrounded by pine trees.
It is said that spruce oil assists in balancing energy and is recommended for any type of psychic work.
Quote from Lavabre.
- Musculosketal conditions such as inflammation, tension and pain.
Essential oils: black pepper, ginger, kunzea, spike lavender, pine or rosemary.
- Respiratory conditions: coughs, congestion
Essential oils: cajeput, cypress, eucalypus (1,8 cineole), niaouli, pine and thyme.
- Fatigue, lack of stamina, adrenal burnout and stress
Essential oils: bergamot, black pepper, ginger, lemon, galbanum, grapefruit,rosemary or vetiver.
safe and non-toxic. NOTE: older oils tend to oxidize and may cause sensitistation so should not be use on skin.
no contraindications are known, and has GRAS status.
External use only.
Do NOT use undiluted on the skin.
Keep away from children and pets.
Store away from heat and light.
Salvatore Battaglia: The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy
Robert Tisserand: Essential Oil Safety
Ernest Gunther: The Essential Oil - Vol VI